Excecuted homosexuals iraq-LGBT rights in Iran - Wikipedia

As Ahlam remembers, she approached the house on foot and told the men standing outside that she had been harassed on the road. In keeping with local custom, the men invited her to take refuge in the house, and left to find the supposed wrongdoers. Inside, Ahlam said she found the mother of one of the three men being held captive and worked with her to sneak them out of the house. They made it out the back door undetected and hopped the fence. Outside, they found Majid waiting in the car and were soon joined by Ahlam, who had walked out the front door after thanking everyone for sheltering her.

Excecuted homosexuals iraq

Excecuted homosexuals iraq

Excecuted homosexuals iraq

Contact J. Her immediate concern was how to survive day to day, but in she took in a woman who was fleeing a death threat from her ex-husband. Retrieved May 19, Another controversial execution was that of Makwan Moloudzadeh on December 6, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Open Future Will humans wipe out humanity? They were Rumi and Hafiz, and both lived in what is now Iran. Her daughter said she was at risk of having a miscarriage. Articles to assert Excecuted homosexuals iraq sodomy is proved either if a person confesses four times to Eating when pregnant committed sodomy or by the testimony of four righteous men.

Chagrin falls latin dancing. Iranian media reported that the 31-year-old kidnapped two 15-year-olds.

New York Times. When he finds them, Hamizi arranges for Excecuted homosexuals iraq to be attacked and sometimes killed. LGBT people in Iraq have long been persecuted. But the secular legal regime is often lawfully supplanted by tribal customs and Sharia Law. His corpse was later stoned Diapered latinas the crowd. Visual representations were selected or created by the authors to complement Excecuted homosexuals iraq accounts. Execution methods and motivations in these 12 countries include beheadings homosexuaals so-called honor killings, the latter committed against LGBT people by none other than their own family members. Story Highlights Human Rights Watch says people are targeted on the streets and interrogated Group: Killings, kidnappings and torture of suspected homosexuals are escalating Attacks against civilians, including homosexuals, not allowed, Iraq spokesman says. So they scattered. Views Read Excecutd source View history. A set of recommendations targets foreign embassies, aid groups and others with the goal of raising attention and trying Excecuted homosexuals iraq improve the situation for the community. Gay and bisexual men have been violently persecuted by Excecutrd Islamic extremist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant within its region of control in IraqSyria and Libya. Islam advises against execution during Pennsylvania oral surgeons holy month of Ramadan but capital punishments have again taken place since the ho,osexuals month hkmosexuals to an Gat tain fucking last week. Hussein, 32, is a gay man living with his married brother's family in Baghdad.

Colonialism, culture wars and fundamentalist politicians have restricted sexual freedom.

  • When it comes to human rights, the Grand Ayatollah stands revealed as an Islamist hardliner.
  • Following British occupation of Iraq, very strict sodomy laws were put in place.
  • Gay and bisexual men have been violently persecuted by the Islamic extremist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant within its region of control in Iraq , Syria and Libya.
  • Call them the Dirty Dozen: They are the 11 countries and one militant extremist political jurisdiction where the death penalty applies to the "crime" of loving someone of the same sex.
  • LGBT people in Iraq have long been persecuted.

Colonialism, culture wars and fundamentalist politicians have restricted sexual freedom. IN THE 13th and 14th centuries two celebrated male poets wrote about men in affectionate, even amorous, terms.

They were Rumi and Hafiz, and both lived in what is now Iran. Their musings were neither new nor unusual. Centuries earlier Abu Nuwas, a bawdy poet from Baghdad, wrote lewd verses about same-sex desire. Such relative openness towards homosexual love used to be widespread in the Middle East. Khaled El-Rouayheb, an academic at Harvard University, explains that though sodomy was deemed a major sin by Muslim courts of law, other homosexual acts such as passionate kissing, fondling or lesbian sex were not.

The modern Middle East views the subject very differently. What happened? The change can be traced to two factors. The first is the influence, directly or indirectly, of European powers in the region. In the British government introduced new penal codes that punished all homosexual behaviour. Of the more than 70 countries that criminalise homosexual acts today, over half are former British colonies. France introduced similar laws around the same time. After independence, only Jordan and Bahrain did away with such penalties.

Combined with conservative interpretations of sharia law in local courts, this has made life tough for homosexuals. Second, the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the s coincided with that of the gay-rights movement in America and Europe, hardening cultural differences.

Once homosexuality had become associated with the West, politicians were able to manipulate anti-LGBT feelings for their personal gain. Increasingly conservative attitudes in the region have made matters worse. Homosexuality was made a capital offence in Iran after the Islamic revolution of Though executions for consensual same-sex activity are difficult to track, several gay men have been hanged on questionable grounds there, such as being accused of rape and not being given a fair trial, as recently as In Iraq, where same-sex activity is technically legal, the breakdown of order since has allowed Islamist militias and vigilantes to impose their own idea of justice.

Groups such as Islamic State have become notorious for gruesomely murdering people suspected of being gay by throwing them off buildings and stoning them to death. What could be done to improve matters? Some local activists say that campaigning for same-sex marriage and the like, as their counterparts in the West have done, is not helpful. Khalid Abdel-Hadi, the founder of My. Yet grassroots campaigns and pressure from Western institutions do seem to have an effect. In Iraq accepted a United Nations recommendation to clamp down on discrimination, including on the ground of sexual orientation.

And in all countries the internet, though heavily censored, provides people with an opportunity to find each other and talk about these issues. As more and more people communicate in this way, change will come.

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Topics up icon. Blogs up icon. Current edition. Audio edition. Economist Films. The Economist apps. More up icon. Open Future. Open Society How homosexuality became a crime in the Middle East Colonialism, culture wars and fundamentalist politicians have restricted sexual freedom.

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But the question is how? Law enforcement in ISIL controlled areas purport to carry out punishments. Another two men were injured in the same attack and hospitalized as a result. Mixx Facebook Twitter Digg del. They are the tip of an iceberg of religious-motivated summary executions. In addition, escape to previously safer areas, such as Iraqi Kurdistan, has been curtailed by the conflict. The assumption of control over the three vilayets of the province by the British as a League of Nations mandate known as the British Mandate of Mesopotamia imposed anti-sodomy laws on the province which would remain well after independence in

Excecuted homosexuals iraq

Excecuted homosexuals iraq

Excecuted homosexuals iraq

Excecuted homosexuals iraq. Search form

Muqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi Army militia, which is active in Sadr City, has joined in the attacks and defends its actions as a way to stop the "feminization" of Iraqi men, the report said. The group interviewed more than 50 people who gave accounts of abuses, beatings and stops at security checkpoints, he said.

A provision from the Saddam Hussein era endorses crimes committed "with honorable motives," according to the organization. The government spokesman said the provision was popular during the Saddam era, but is not used today. He added that there is a push to educate police about human rights. Attacks against civilians, including homosexuals, are not allowed, al-Dabbagh said. Share this on:. Story Highlights Human Rights Watch says people are targeted on the streets and interrogated Group: Killings, kidnappings and torture of suspected homosexuals are escalating Attacks against civilians, including homosexuals, not allowed, Iraq spokesman says.

Iraqi clerics say homosexuality must be eradicated but warn against anti-gay violence. E-mail to a friend. Mixx Facebook Twitter Digg del. However, there are no confirmed reports of a death sentence being carried out for that "crime. Although it also has a law calling for the killing of people found to have had sexual relations with someone of the same sex, war-torn Yemen is not known to have carried out an officially sanctioned execution of a gay or trans person for being gay or trans.

It's not known how many so-called honor killings have been committed against LGBT Yemenis by relatives. While there is no national death penalty in Nigeria for being LGBT, no fewer than 12 of the country's northern provinces have codified the death penalty as punishment for gay sex. All of those have done so under the banner of Islam's Sharia Law.

Somalia also lacks a national homophobic or transphobic death penalty law, yet still has provincially codified death penalties aimed squarely at LGBT people under the umbrella of Sharia. Despite thousands of American service members' lives lost and tens of billions of dollars spent to help rebuild Afghan society with some level of democracy and respect for women's and other marginalized groups' human rights, Afghanistan's antigay sodomy law remains open to interpretation, depending on which version of Sharia law individual judges subscribe.

No official Afghan government executions for sodomy generally defined as sexual relations between two people of the same sex have been reported in Afghanistan in recent years. It is believed Taliban militants have committed murders of gay men and boys, as well as men and boys perceived to be gay. A 90 percent Muslim country, Pakistan's legal structure is a sometimes flimsy balance between Sharia Law and secular statutes where jurisprudence and jurisdictions are transitory and tribal.

Pakistan's secular law calls for a two-year prison sentence for homosexual acts. But the secular legal regime is often lawfully supplanted by tribal customs and Sharia Law.

Three years ago, a serial killer of gay men was lauded in the media for killing three gay men after having sex with them. Militias execute LGBT people in Iraq, which is a rariety among Muslim-majority countries, because it has no law against homosexuality, per se. The west African nation of Mauritania has a death-penalty provision on the books that allows for gay men to be stoned to death.

Lesbian women can be imprisoned. Last year, Samantha Power, the U. Most of the would-be state's the so-called Islamic State has never been recognized as such by anyone but itself death sentences have been carried out by beheading or by throwing victims off of tall buildings. Lesbians and transgender people were also targeted for rape and murder.

The UAE is most famous for its gleaming skyscrapers and its architecturally world-class cities, such as Dubai. Ultramodern physical appearances notwithstanding, Emirate society is founded on Sharia Law, which calls for individuals of sexual minorities to be executed for loving someone of the same sex.

Although there's no death penalty in Bangladesh for homosexuality, where gay sex is still illegal, it could be argued that the recent hackings to death of LGBT bloggers and journalists by Islamist extremists have established a defacto death penalty for being gay in Bangladesh.

While people can legally change their sex, sexual activity between members of the same sex is illegal and can be punishable by death. LGBT rights in Iran have come in conflict with the penal code since the s. Same-sex sexual activities are punishable by imprisonment, [2] corporal punishment , or execution. Gay men have faced stricter enforcement actions under the law than lesbians. Transgender identity is recognized through a sex reassignment surgery.

Sex reassignment surgeries are partially financially supported by the state. Some homosexual individuals in Iran have been pressured to undergo sex reassignment surgery in order to avoid legal and social persecution.

It contains provisions that are part of sexual code promoting procreative sexuality that is interpreted to prohibit same-sex intercourse as sinful. Ancient commentary on this passage suggests that those engaging in sodomy could be killed without permission from a high priest.

However, a strong homosexual tradition in Iran is attested to by Greek historians from the 5th century onward, and so the prohibition apparently had little effect on Iranian attitudes or sexual behavior outside the ranks of devout Zoroastrians in rural eastern Iran. There is a significant amount of literature in Persian that contain explicit same-sex illustrations.

Under the rule of Mohammad Reza Shah , the last monarch of the Pahlavi dynasty , homosexuality was tolerated, even to the point of allowing news coverage of a same-sex wedding. Janet Afary has argued that the Revolution was partly motivated by moral outrage against the Shah's government, and in particular against a mock same-sex wedding between two young men with ties to the court. She says that this explains the virulence of the anti-homosexual oppression in Iran.

Louvre , Paris. A Safavid Persian miniature from , depicting two men engaged in anal sex. Kinsey Institution , Bloomington. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Men and youths depicted on a Safavid ceramic panel from Chehel Sotoun , Isfahan. Since the Revolution , the legal code has been based on Islamic law.

All sexual activities that occur outside a traditional, heterosexual marriage i. Same-sex sexual activities that occur between consenting adults are criminalized and carry a maximum punishment of death—though not generally implemented. Forced same-sex sexual activities i. The death penalty is legal for those above 18, and if a murder was committed, legal at the age of Approved by the Parliament on July 30, , and finally ratified by the Guardian Council on November 28, , articles through distinctly deal with same-sex sexual activities and their punishments in detail.

If the participants are adults, of sound mind and consenting, the method of execution is for the judge to decide. If one person is non-consenting i. A non-adult who engages in consensual sodomy is subject to a punishment of 74 lashes. Articles to assert that sodomy is proved either if a person confesses four times to having committed sodomy or by the testimony of four righteous men.

Testimony of women alone or together with a man does not prove sodomy. According to Articles and , if sodomy, or any lesser crime referred to above, is proved by confession and the person concerned repents, the judge may request that he be pardoned. If a person who has committed the lesser crimes referred to above repents before the giving of testimony by the witnesses, the punishment is quashed.

The judge may punish the person for lesser crimes at his discretion. If the act is repeated three times and punishment is enforced each time, the death sentence will apply on the fourth occasion. Article asserts that the ways of proving female same-sex sexual activity in court are the same as for sodomy.

Article says that both Muslims and non-Muslims are subject to the punishment. According to Articles and , the rules for the quashing of sentences, or for pardoning, are the same as for the lesser male homosexual offenses.

According to Article , women who "stand naked under one cover without necessity" and are not relatives may receive a punishment of 50 lashes.

At the discretion of the Iranian court, fines, prison sentences, and corporal punishment are usually carried out rather than the death penalty, unless the crime was a rape. The charges of same-sex sexual activity have in a few occasions been used in political crimes.

Other charges had been paired with the sodomy crime, such as rape or acts against the state, and convictions are obtained in grossly flawed trials. On March 14, , famous dissident writer Ali Akbar Saidi Sirjani was charged with offenses ranging from drug dealing to espionage to homosexual activity.

He died in prison under disputed circumstances. Some human rights activists and opponents of the government in Iran claim between 4, and 6, gay men and lesbians have been executed in Iran for crimes related to their sexual orientation since In a November meeting with his British counterpart, Iranian member of parliament Mohsen Yahyavi admitted that the government in Iran believes in the death penalty for homosexuality.

According to Yahyavi, gays deserve to be tortured, executed, or both. Ten to fifteen percent of executions in Iran are for rape. The rape victim may settle the case by accepting compensation jirat in exchange for withdrawing the charges or forgiving the rapist. A woman can also receive diyya for injuries sustained. Normally, the rapist still faces tazir penalties, such as lashes and jail time for immoral acts, and often faces further penalties for other crimes committed alongside the rape, such as kidnapping, assault, and disruption of public order.

On July 19, , Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni two teenagers from the province of Khorasan were convicted by the court of having raped a year-old boy were publicly hanged. Another controversial execution was that of Makwan Moloudzadeh on December 6, As a year-old, he was ineligible for the death penalty under the law in Iran.

On March 15, , the daily newspaper Etemad reported that the Tehran Criminal Court sentenced two men to death following the discovery of a video showing them engaged in sexual acts. Another two men were allegedly hanged publicly in the northern town of Gorgan for sodomy in November An on-line petition for their release began to circulate around the internet. There were two reported crackdowns in Isfahan , Iran's third-largest city.

On May 10, , Isfahan police arrested 87 people at a birthday party, including 80 suspected gay men, beating and detaining them through the weekend. Those who remained in custody were believed to have been wearing women's clothing. In April , 30 men were arrested in a raid in Isfahan Province , "charged with sodomy, drinking alcohol and using psychedelic drugs".

Same-sex marriage and civil unions are not legally recognized in Iran. Traditional Iranian families often exercise strong influence in who, and when, their children marry and even what profession they chose. No legislation exists to address discrimination or bias motivated violence on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.

Traditional Iranian families tend to prohibit their children from dating, as it is not a part of Iranian culture, although this has become somewhat more tolerated, among liberals.

Gay Iranian couples are often afraid to be seen together [40] in public, and report that LGBT people were widely stereotyped as being sex-obsessed child molesters, rapists, and disease-ridden. As Article 20 in Clause 14 states, a person who has done a sex reassignment surgery can legally change their name and gender on the birth certification upon the order of court.

Those who are in favor of legitimately being able to reassign one's sex surgically utilize article of Iran's civil code, stating that the acts of every person should be subject to rational benefit, meaning gender reassignment surgery would be in the best interest of whomever is appealing for governmental support.

Caveats, however, include the need to have medical approval from a doctor that supports a dissonance between assigned gender and their true gender.

In Islam, the term mukhannathun "effeminate ones" is used to describe gender-variant people, usually transgender people who are transitioning from male to female. Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quran , but the term does appear in the Hadith , the sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text.

Moreover, within Islam, there is a tradition on the elaboration and refinement of extended religious doctrines through scholarship. While Iran has outlawed homosexual activity, Iranian Shia thinkers such as Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini have allowed for transsexuals to reassign their sex so that they can enter heterosexual relationships. This position has been confirmed by the current Supreme Leader of Iran , Ayatollah Ali Khamenei , and is also supported by many other Iranian clerics.

The state will pay a portion of the cost for a gender reassignment operation. Since the mids, the Iranian government has legalized the practice of sex reassignment surgery under medical approval and the modification of pertinent legal documents to reflect the reassigned gender. In , Khomeini passed a fatwa allowing gender reassignment operations as a cure for "diagnosed transsexuals", allowing for the basis of this practice becoming legal.

Hojatoleslam Kariminia, a mid-level Islamic cleric in Iran, is another advocate for transsexual rights, having called publicly for greater respect for the rights of Iranian transsexuals. However, transsexuality is still a taboo topic within Iranian society, and no laws exist to protect post-operative transsexuals from discrimination.

In order for the two to be in an open relationship, Sahar considers surgery to work within the confines of law which permits relationships after transitioning due to the relationship being between a male and female. In , a book entitled Witness Play by Cyrus Shamisa was banned from shelves despite being initially approved because it said that certain notable Persian writers were homosexuals or bisexuals. In , the government in Iran loaned an Iranian collection of artwork that was locked away since the Revolution by the Tate Britain gallery for six months.

The artwork included explicit homoerotic artwork by Francis Bacon and the government in Iran stated that upon its return, it would also be put on display in Iran. In , the Iranian Reformist paper Shargh was shut down by the government after it interviewed an Iranian author, living in Canada. While the interview never mentioned the sexual orientation of Saghi Ghahreman, it did quote her as stating that, "sexual boundaries must be flexible The immoral is imposed by culture on the body".

The Green Party of Iran has an English translation of its website that states, "Every Iranian citizen is equal by law, regardless of gender, age, race, nationality, religion, marital status, sexual orientation, or political beliefs" and calls for a "separation of state and religion". The Worker Communist Party of Iran homepage has an English translation of its manifesto that supports the right of "All adults, women or men" to be "completely free in deciding over their sexual relationships with other adults.

Voluntary relationship of adults with each other is their private affair and no person or authority has the right to scrutinize it, interfere with it or make it public".

The leftist Worker's Way , the liberal Glorious Frontiers Party , and the center-right Constitutionalist Party of Iran have all expressed support for the separation of religion and the state, which might promote LGBT rights. In , scholar Saviz Shafai gave a public lecture on homosexuality at the Shiraz University and in would research sexual orientation and gender issues at Syracuse University. While the founder of this group had to flee Iran and continue his work as an exile, there is an underground LGBT rights movement in Iran.

Ali Mafi, an openly gay Iranian-born comedian started his career in In all his shows, Ali mentions his status as an Iranian citizen and his commitment to being proud of who he is regardless. Ali currently resides in San Francisco, California, which hosts a prominent gay community. During protests against the outcome of the Iranian election in July , it was reported that several openly gay Iranians joined crowds of protesters in the United Kingdom and were welcomed with mostly positive attitudes towards LGBT rights.

The day is on the fourth Friday of July and is and celebrated annually in secret. In , Dr. A booklet was approved, with explanation of condoms, and distributed to high school students. By the late s, a comprehensive educational campaign existed.

Excecuted homosexuals iraq