Vagina in colloquial use refers to the vulva , or as a general term for all female genitalia, but in anatomy the vagina is a wholly internal structure whereas the vulva is wholly external. Compare the inherited doublet beina. Compare the inherited doublet guaina. First-declension noun. Compare the inherited doublet bainha ; compare also vagem.
Mitte gladium in vaginam. I don't mean to come off as ungrateful or whiny. Vagiina vagina is broken. Don S. Beautiful Daughters is a documentary about the cast of the first performance by transgender women. Sex should be fun, but it can also be complicated.
Pregnancy after yasmin. R29 Original Series
The lateral walls, especially their middle area, are relatively more rigid. Vaginal births are more common, but if there is a risk of complications a caesarean section C-section may be performed. General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. December Vagina m, Simpson's Forensic Medicine 11th ed. American Journal of Obstetrics and Vagina m. The epithelium of the ectocervix the portion the uterine cervix extending into the vagina is an extension of, and shares a border with, the vaginal epithelium. Retrieved January 13, I'm going to see how things go without doing that. No account yet? In this case, paroxysm was regarded as a medical treatment, and not a sexual release. Vaginal anomalies are defects that result in an abnormal or absent vagina.
Vaginal yeast infection , also known as candidal vulvovaginitis and vaginal thrush , is excessive growth of yeast in the vagina that results in irritation.
- In mammals , the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
- Your vagina is a delicate part of the body that needs proper care to stay clean and healthy.
Health and wellness touch each of us differently. And it almost always has to do with my body. I was assigned female at birth, but when I hit my teen years, I became increasingly uncomfortable in my own skin. The best way I can explain it is similar to how I felt when I attended a Catholic mass for the first time as a kid. Everyone else seemed to know what to do: when to recite a prayer, when to stand up and sit down, when to sing and when to kneel, who touches a bowl of water on the way in and why.
But having been raised in a secular home, I had no point of reference. They had attended the rehearsals and I, meanwhile, happened to stumble onto the stage for the performance. Even if I could figure out the rituals by imitating everyone else, I was never going to believe it in my heart, let alone understand it. The older I got, the more unbearable that alienation became.
Meeting other transgender people when I was 19 was an eye-opening experience. I could hear myself in their stories. They, too, felt out of place, even in a crowd full of people who were supposed to be just like them. I found it impossible to be happy until the world could finally meet me where my heart was.
So, I took the bold and scary step to alter my body. I started taking testosterone, and the dark clouds brewing around me started to lift. With each change — my hips narrowing, my cheekbones surfacing, my body hair appearing — it felt like another piece of the puzzle dropped into place. The journey was strange and familiar at the same time. When the bandages finally came off, the love I felt for my reflection was almost immediate, hitting me all at once.
I emerged on the other side of that surgery feeling confident, joyful, and relieved. Someone had scrubbed away my anxiety, disgust, and sadness. In its place was a body I could love and celebrate. I no longer felt the need to hide.
In fact, some of us have gender dysphoria that focuses exclusively on specific parts or features. And our dysphoria can change over time, too. There can be a lot of reasons for this. And there are nonbinary folks like me who are out in the world, doing our own thing, too! There are so many different ways to be a human being.
I believe life is a whole lot better when we embrace what makes us unique instead of fearing it. As a journalist and media strategist, Sam has published extensively on topics like mental health, transgender identity, disability, politics and law, and much more.
Bringing his combined expertise in public health and digital media, Sam currently works as social editor at Healthline. Society typically tells us that there are two sexes, male and female, and that they align with two genders, man and woman. With the increased….
A campaign has been launched to get rid of gender distinctions from government ID documents. Traditional safe sex guides have failed to provide info about same-sex and queer relationships. We spoke to individuals and couples in….
What does having a vagina mean? Words can unconsciously undermine transgender and nonbinary people, so being conscious of our words and their affect is so important. Your one-stop shop for transgender resources. Get information on surgeries, perspectives on identity, like cisgender and nonbinary, tips on tucking…. Here's what you should know about nonbinary identities, pronouns, and more. What exactly does cisgender mean? We'll explain what you should know about sex, gender, and more.
Written by Sam Dylan Finch on December 18, Read this next. How to Be Human: Talking to People Who Are Transgender or Nonbinary Words can unconsciously undermine transgender and nonbinary people, so being conscious of our words and their affect is so important. Transgender Resources Your one-stop shop for transgender resources.
Cultural Encyclopedia of the Body. Secondly, there is a layer of smooth muscle with bundles of circular fibers internal to longitudinal fibers those that run lengthwise. They can run tests to determine what's causing these symptoms and recommend an appropriate treatment. It's also possible that your vagina was already irritated for some reason. February 1, Non-human primates are optimal models for human biomedical research because humans and non-human primates share physiological characteristics as a result of evolution. Ask your doctor about using gentle, unscented wipes to clean yourself when you go to the bathroom.
Vagina m. Navigation menu
The lamina propria is rich in blood vessels and lymphatic channels. The muscular layer is composed of smooth muscle fibers, with an outer layer of longitudinal muscle, an inner layer of circular muscle, and oblique muscle fibers between. The outer layer, the adventitia, is a thin dense layer of connective tissue and it blends with loose connective tissue containing blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and nerve fibers that are between pelvic organs. It forms folds transverse ridges or rugae , which are more prominent in the outer third of the vagina; their function is to provide the vagina with increased surface area for extension and stretching.
The epithelium of the ectocervix the portion the uterine cervix extending into the vagina is an extension of, and shares a border with, the vaginal epithelium. In these mid-layers of the epithelia, the cells begin to lose their mitochondria and other organelles. Under the influence of maternal estrogen, the vagina of a newborn is lined by thick stratified squamous epithelium or mucosa for two to four weeks after birth.
Between then to puberty , the epithelium remains thin with only a few layers of cuboidal cells without glycogen. Flattened squamous cells are more resistant to both abrasion and infection. The epidermis of the skin is relatively resistant to water because it contains high levels of lipids.
The vaginal epithelium contains lower levels of lipids. This allows the passage of water and water-soluble substances through the tissue.
Keratinization happens when the epithelium is exposed to the dry external atmosphere. Blood is supplied to the vagina mainly via the vaginal artery , which emerges from a branch of the internal iliac artery or the uterine artery.
Two main veins drain blood from the vagina, one on the left and one on the right. These form a network of smaller veins, the vaginal venous plexus , on the sides of the vagina, connecting with similar venous plexuses of the uterus , bladder , and rectum. These ultimately drain into the internal iliac veins.
The nerve supply of the upper vagina is provided by the sympathetic and parasympathetic areas of the pelvic plexus. The lower vagina is supplied by the pudendal nerve. Vaginal secretions are primarily from the uterus , cervix, and vaginal epithelium in addition to minuscule vaginal lubrication from the Bartholin's glands upon sexual arousal.
The Bartholin's glands, located near the vaginal opening, were originally considered the primary source for vaginal lubrication, but further examination showed that they provide only a few drops of mucus. This initially forms as sweat-like droplets, and is caused by increased fluid pressure in the tissue of the vagina vasocongestion , resulting in the release of plasma as transudate from the capillaries through the vaginal epithelium.
Before and during ovulation , the mucus glands within the cervix secrete different variations of mucus, which provides an alkaline , fertile environment in the vaginal canal that is favorable to the survival of sperm. Nerve endings in the vagina can provide pleasurable sensations when the vagina is stimulated during sexual activity.
Women may derive pleasure from one part of the vagina, or from a feeling of closeness and fullness during vaginal penetration. Pleasure can be derived from the vagina in a variety of ways. In addition to penile penetration, pleasure can come from masturbation , fingering , oral sex cunnilingus , or specific sex positions such as the missionary position or the spoons sex position.
Most women require direct stimulation of the clitoris to orgasm. It is a sex organ of multiplanar structure containing an abundance of nerve endings, with a broad attachment to the pubic arch and extensive supporting tissue to the labia. Research indicates that it forms a tissue cluster with the vagina. This tissue is perhaps more extensive in some women than in others, which may contribute to orgasms experienced vaginally. During sexual arousal, and particularly the stimulation of the clitoris, the walls of the vagina lubricate.
This begins after ten to thirty seconds of sexual arousal, and increases in amount the longer the woman is aroused. The vagina lengthens during the arousal, and can continue to lengthen in response to pressure; as the woman becomes fully aroused, the vagina expands in length and width, while the cervix retracts. An area in the vagina that may be an erogenous zone is the G-spot. It is typically defined as being located at the anterior wall of the vagina, a couple or few inches in from the entrance, and some women experience intense pleasure, and sometimes an orgasm, if this area is stimulated during sexual activity.
The vagina is the birth canal for the delivery of a baby. When labor a physiological process preceding delivery nears, several signs may occur, including vaginal discharge, and the rupture of membranes water breaking that can result in a gush of amniotic fluid  or an irregular or small stream of fluid from the vagina.
As the body prepares for childbirth, the cervix softens, thins , moves forward to face the front, and begins to open. This allows the fetus to settle or "drop" into the pelvis. While these symptoms are likelier to happen after labor has begun for women who have given birth before, they may happen ten to fourteen days before labor in women experiencing labor for the first time. The fetus begins to lose the support of the cervix when contractions begin. Vaginal births are more common, but if there is a risk of complications a caesarean section C-section may be performed.
The mucosa thickens and rugae return in approximately three weeks once the ovaries regain usual function and estrogen flow is restored. The vaginal opening gapes and is relaxed, until it returns to its approximate pre-pregnant state six to eight weeks after delivery, known as the postpartum period ; however, the vagina will continue to be larger in size than it was previously.
After giving birth, there is a phase of vaginal discharge called lochia that can vary significantly in the amount of loss and its duration but can go on for up to six weeks. The vaginal flora is a complex ecosystem that changes throughout life, from birth to menopause. The vaginal microbiota resides in and on the outermost layer of the vaginal epithelium. The vaginal microbiome is dominated by Lactobacillus species. Lactobacilli metabolize the sugar into glucose and lactic acid.
Vaginal health can be assessed during a pelvic examination , along with the health of most of the organs of the female reproductive system. In the United States, Pap test screening is recommended starting around 21 years of age until the age of Pelvic exams are most often performed when there are unexplained symptoms of discharge, pain, unexpected bleeding or urinary problems. The vagina is assessed internally by the examiner with gloved fingers, before the speculum is inserted, to note the presence of any weakness, lumps or nodules.
Inflammation and discharge are noted if present. During this time, the Skene's and Bartolin's glands are palpated to identify abnormalities in these structures. After the digital examination of the vagina is complete, the speculum, an instrument to visualize internal structures, is carefully inserted to make the cervix visible.
Lacerations or other injuries to the vagina can occur during sexual assault or other sexual abuse. Sexual assault with objects can damage the vagina and X-ray examination may reveal the presence of foreign objects.
Intravaginal administration is a route of administration where the medication is inserted into the vagina as a creme or tablet. Pharmacologically , this has the potential advantage of promoting therapeutic effects primarily in the vagina or nearby structures such as the vaginal portion of cervix with limited systemic adverse effects compared to other routes of administration.
Vaginal rings can also be used to deliver medication, including birth control in contraceptive vaginal rings. These are inserted into the vagina and provide continuous, low dose and consistent drug levels in the vagina and throughout the body.
Before the baby merges from the womb, an injection for pain control during childbirth may be administered through the vaginal wall and near the pudendal nerve. Because the pudendal nerve carries motor and sensory fibers that innervate the pelvic muscles, a pudendal nerve block relieves birth pain.
The medicine does not harm the child, and is without significant complications. Vaginal infections or diseases include yeast infection , vaginitis , sexually transmitted infections STIs and cancer.
Lactobacillus gasseri and other Lactobacillus species in the vaginal flora provide some protection from infections by their secretion of bacteriocins and hydrogen peroxide. Because the vagina is self-cleansing, it usually does not need special hygiene. Both types can help avert pregnancy by preventing semen from coming in contact with the vagina.
The vaginal lymph nodes often trap cancerous cells that originate in the vagina. These nodes can be assessed for the presence of disease. Selective surgical removal rather than total and more invasive removal of vaginal lymph nodes reduces the risk of complications that can accompany more radical surgeries. These selective nodes act as sentinel lymph nodes. Vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer are very rare, and primarily affect older women. It may be that their causes are the same.
An applicator is inserted into the vagina to allow the administration of radiation as close to the site of the cancer as possible. Age and hormone levels significantly correlate with the pH of the vagina. The vaginal mucosa thickens and the vaginal pH becomes acidic again. Girls may also experience a thin, white vaginal discharge called leukorrhea. After menopause, the body produces less estrogen.
This causes atrophic vaginitis thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls ,   which can lead to vaginal itching, burning, bleeding, soreness, or vaginal dryness a decrease in lubrication. The vascular structures become fewer with advancing age. It is thought that the weakening of the support structures of the vagina is due to the physiological changes in this connective tissue. Menopausal symptoms can be eased by estrogen-containing vaginal creams,  non-prescription, non-hormonal medications,  vaginal estrogen rings such as the Femring ,  or other hormone replacement therapies,  but there are risks including adverse effects associated with hormone replacement therapy.
Vaginal changes that happen with aging and childbirth include mucosal redundancy, rounding of the posterior aspect of the vagina with shortening of the distance from the distal end of the anal canal to the vaginal opening, diastasis or disruption of the pubococcygeus muscles caused by poor repair of an episiotomy , and blebs that may protrude beyond the area of the vaginal opening.
If a woman has weak pelvic floor muscle support and tissue damage from childbirth or pelvic surgery, a lack of estrogen can further weaken the pelvic muscles and contribute to stress urinary incontinence. During the third stage of labor, while the infant is being born, the vagina undergoes significant changes. A gush of blood from the vagina may be seen right before the baby is born.
Lacerations to the vagina that can occur during birth vary in depth, severity and the amount of adjacent tissue involvement.
This event can be especially distressing to a new mother. The vagina, including the vaginal opening, may be altered as a result of surgeries such as an episiotomy, vaginectomy , vaginoplasty or labiaplasty.
Any scarring from the procedure is minimal, and long-term problems have not been identified. During an episiotomy, a surgical incision is made during the second stage of labor to enlarge the vaginal opening for the baby to pass through. The incision is made through the skin, vaginal epithelium, subcutaneous fat, perineal body and superficial transverse perineal muscle and extends from the vagina to the anus. Women often report pain during sexual intercourse up to three months after laceration repair or an episiotomy.
The median incision is a perpendicular cut between the vagina and the anus and is the most common. The medio-lateral cut takes more time to heal than the median cut. Vaginectomy is surgery to remove all or part of the vagina, and is usually used to treat malignancy. These surgeries can impact pain, elasticity, vaginal lubrication and sexual arousal. This often resolves after one year but may take longer. Women, especially those who are older and have had multiple births, may choose to surgically correct vaginal laxity.
This surgery has been described as vaginal tightening or rejuvenation. Women who undergo this procedure may unknowingly have a medical issue, such as a prolapse, and an attempt to correct this is also made during the surgery. Surgery on the vagina can be elective or cosmetic. Women who seek cosmetic surgery can have congenital conditions, physical discomfort or wish to alter the appearance of their genitals.
Concerns over average genital appearance or measurements are largely unavailable and make defining a successful outcome for such surgery difficult. Although not all intersex conditions require surgical treatment, some choose genital surgery to correct atypical anatomical conditions.
Vaginal anomalies are defects that result in an abnormal or absent vagina. Abnormal openings known as fistulas can cause urine or feces to enter the vagina, resulting in incontinence. Vaginal evisceration is a serious complication of a vaginal hysterectomy and occurs when the vaginal cuff ruptures , allowing the small intestine to protrude from the vagina.
Cysts may also affect the vagina. Various perceptions of the vagina have existed throughout history, including the belief it is the center of sexual desire , a metaphor for life via birth, inferior to the penis, unappealing to sight or smell, or vulgar. David Buss , an evolutionary psychologist , stated that because a penis is significantly larger than a clitoris and is readily visible while the vagina is not, and males urinate through the penis, boys are taught from childhood to touch their penises while girls are often taught that they should not touch their own genitalia, which implies that there is harm in doing so.
Buss attributed this as the reason many women are not as familiar with their genitalia, and that researchers assume these sex differences explain why boys learn to masturbate before girls and do so more often. The word vagina is commonly avoided in conversation,  and many people are confused about the vagina's anatomy and may be unaware that it is not used for urination. She argued that women, unlike men, did not have locker room experiences in school where they compared each other's genitals, which is one reason so many women wonder if their genitals are normal.
Negative views of the vagina are simultaneously contrasted by views that it is a powerful symbol of female sexuality, spirituality, or life. Author Denise Linn stated that the vagina "is a powerful symbol of womanliness, openness, acceptance, and receptivity.
It is the inner valley spirit. This theory made many women feel inadequate, as the majority of women cannot achieve orgasm via vaginal intercourse alone. Reported methods for treatment included a midwife rubbing the walls of the vagina or insertion of the penis or penis-shaped objects into the vagina. In this case, paroxysm was regarded as a medical treatment, and not a sexual release. The vagina and vulva have been given many vulgar names, three of which are cunt , twat , and pussy.
Cunt is also used as a derogatory epithet referring to people of either sex. This usage is relatively recent, dating from the late nineteenth century. The vagina loquens , or "talking vagina", is a significant tradition in literature and art, dating back to the ancient folklore motifs of the "talking cunt". These carry the implication that sexual intercourse might result in injury, emasculation , or castration for the man involved.
These stories were frequently told as cautionary tales warning of the dangers of unknown women and to discourage rape. The outer form is a giant, reclining sculpture of a woman which visitors can enter through a door-sized vaginal opening between her spread legs. The Vagina Monologues , a episodic play by Eve Ensler , has contributed to making female sexuality a topic of public discourse.
It is made up of a varying number of monologues read by a number of women. Initially, Ensler performed every monologue herself, with subsequent performances featuring three actresses; latter versions feature a different actress for every role.
Each of the monologues deals with an aspect of the feminine experience , touching on matters such as sexual activity, love, rape, menstruation, female genital mutilation, masturbation, birth, orgasm, the various common names for the vagina, or simply as a physical aspect of the body. A recurring theme throughout the pieces is the vagina as a tool of female empowerment, and the ultimate embodiment of individuality. Societal views, influenced by tradition, a lack of knowledge on anatomy, or sexism , can significantly impact a person's decision to alter their own or another person's genitalia.
Women may want to remain youthful in appearance and sexual function. These views are often influenced by the media,   including pornography ,  and women can have low self-esteem as a result. Female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting, is genital modification with no health benefits. A small hole is left for the passage of urine and menstrual blood, and the vagina is opened up for sexual intercourse and childbirth.
Significant controversy surrounds female genital mutilation,   with the World Health Organization WHO and other health organizations campaigning against the procedures on behalf of human rights , stating that it is "a violation of the human rights of girls and women" and "reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes". Custom and tradition are the most frequently cited reasons for the practice of female genital mutilation.
Some cultures believe that female genital mutilation is part of a girl's initiation into adulthood and that not performing it can disrupt social and political cohesion. The vagina is a structure of animals in which the female is internally fertilized , rather than by traumatic insemination used by some invertebrates. The shape of the vagina varies among different animals. In placental mammals and marsupials , the vagina leads from the uterus to the exterior of the female body.
Female marsupials have two lateral vaginas , which lead to separate uteri, but both open externally through the same orifice; a third canal, which is known as the median vagina, and can be transitory or permanent, is used for birth. Instead, the vagina exits through the clitoris , allowing the females to urinate, copulate and give birth through the clitoris. Birds, monotremes, and some reptiles have a part of the oviduct that leads to the cloaca.
The vagina extends upward from the aperture and becomes the egg gland. In insects and other invertebrates , the vagina can be a part of the oviduct see insect reproductive system. A lack of research on the vagina and other female genitalia, especially for different animals, has stifled knowledge on female sexual anatomy. By contrast, female genitals are more often concealed, and require more dissection, which in turn requires more time. Non-human primates are optimal models for human biomedical research because humans and non-human primates share physiological characteristics as a result of evolution.
Estrogens and progestogens in the menstrual cycles and during premenarche and postmenopause are also similar in female humans and macaques; however, only in macaques does keratinization of the epithelium occur during the follicular phase. Another is that such conditions' causes are inextricably bound to humans' genetic makeup, making results from other species difficult to apply to humans.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the birth canal. For the external female sex organs, see vulva. For other uses, see Vagina disambiguation. Vulva with pubic hair removed and labia separated to show the opening of the vagina: Clitoral hood Clitoris Labia minora Urethral opening Vaginal opening Perineum Anus.
Sympathetic: lumbar splanchnic plexus Parasympathetic: pelvic splanchnic plexus. See also: Vaginal support structures. Main article: Human vaginal size. Further information: Development of the reproductive system. Main article: Vaginal epithelium. Main articles: Vaginal discharge and Vaginal lubrication. Further information: Human sexual activity and Human female sexuality. Main article: Childbirth. Main article: Vaginal flora. Further information: List of microbiota species of the lower reproductive tract of women.
Main articles: Vaginal disease and Safe sex. See also: Vaginal atresia. See also: Eurotophobia. Main article: Vagina and vulva in art. See also: Genital modification and mutilation. Sexuality portal Anatomy portal.
Oxford Dictionary of English. Oxford University Press. Random House Reference. Forensic Gynaecology. Cambridge University Press. Health Humanities Reader. Rutgers University Press.
Sage Publications. Little thought apparently has been devoted to the nature of female genitals in general, likely accounting for the reason that most people use incorrect terms when referring to female external genitals. The term typically used to talk about female genitals is vagina , which is actually an internal sexual structure, the muscular passageway leading outside from the uterus.
The correct term for the female external genitals is vulva , as discussed in chapter 6, which includes the clitoris, labia majora, and labia minora. In addition, there is a current lack of appropriate vocabulary to refer to the external female genitals, using, for example, 'vagina' and 'vulva' as if they were synonyms, as if using these terms incorrectly were harmless to the sexual and psychological development of women.
DC Dutta's Textbook of Gynecology. JP Medical Ltd. Gray's Basic Anatomy E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. Cancer and Sexual Health. Health and Wellness for Life. Obstetrics and Gynecology. Because the vagina is collapsed, it appears H-shaped in cross section.
London: Churchill Livingstone. Oxford Desk Reference: Obstetrics and Gynaecology. OUP Oxford. Simpson's Forensic Medicine 11th ed. London: Arnold. Clinical protocols in pediatric and adolescent gynecology. Essential Anatomy and Physiology in Maternity Care. Dewhurst's Textbook of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Thieme Medical Publishers. General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Pathology of the Cervix. Environmental Impacts on Reproductive Health and Fertility.
Blaustein's Pathology of the Female Genital Tract. Pathology of the Vulva and Vagina. Management of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women. Springer New York.
Biology of Reproduction. Modern Colposcopy Textbook and Atlas. Blaustein's Pathology of the Female Genital Tract 5th ed. Robboy's Pathology of the Female Reproductive Tract. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. Reproductive and developmental toxicology. London: Academic Press.
Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology 12th ed. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Handbook: Production and Processes. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. Vaginal Surgery for Incontinence and Prolapse. Dartmouth Medical School. Cancer Management and Research. Office of Women's Health. December 23, Archived from the original on June 26, Retrieved June 25, In Gupta RC ed.
Human Physiology: An Integrated Approach 6th ed. Glenview, IL: Pearson Education. Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems 8th ed. Belmont, California: Cengage. Lexington Books. Biology of Women. Cengage Learning. Pelvic Floor Disorders. Handbook for Conducting Research on Human Sexuality. Psychology Press. Human Heredity: Principles and Issues Updated ed. Clinical Neurology of the Older Adult. Love, Sex and Everything in Between.
Marshall Cavendish Corporation. Exploring the Dimensions of Human Sexuality. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia. Clinical Manual of Sexual Disorders. American Psychiatric Pub. Human Sexuality: From Cells to Society.
Discovery Series: Human Sexuality. Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity 1st ed. An Invitation to Health 1st ed. Most people agree that we maintain virginity as long as we refrain from sexual vaginal intercourse. But occasionally we hear people speak of 'technical virginity' [ Yes No. Not Helpful 4 Helpful My vagina feels irritated after penetration.
Can that be a result of yeast infection? There are a lot of reasons your vagina might feel irritated after penetration. It's possible you have an infection, in which case you might see other symptoms, like redness, itching, and unusual discharge.
If you don't produce a lot of natural lubrication, that could also lead to soreness and irritation. Talk to your doctor or gynecologist about your concerns--they can help you figure out what's going on.
Not Helpful 2 Helpful If you are concerned about the color of your vagina, there are private clinics that offer chemical or laser bleaching procedures. However, please be aware that these procedures can cause harmful side effects, such as blistering, scarring, redness, and irritation. There is a huge range of natural variation in the color of women's genitals, so there's nothing harmful or abnormal about having dark pigmentation in your vagina. Not Helpful 6 Helpful What must I do if my vagina is clean, dry, and doesn't have any discharge?
Even if your vagina seems clean, it's a good idea to wash your genital area every day and wear clean, breathable underwear. It's a good idea to talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about your vaginal health. They can help you determine if you have vaginismus, a condition in which the vaginal muscles become painfully tight. This condition can be treated with a combination of physical therapy, psychological therapy, and devices such as vaginal dilators.
Not Helpful 3 Helpful Ask your doctor or a pharmacist if it is safe to use these two medications together. They can tell you if there is any risk of harmful interactions. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 7. What if the vagina smells so bad and always has this whitish discharge that comes out like your menstruation? What do I do to stop it? If you have a strong odor and heavy vaginal discharge, see your doctor.
It's possible that you have a vaginal infection. They can run tests to determine what's causing these symptoms and recommend an appropriate treatment. Not Helpful 7 Helpful I was washing my vagina last time. My mom told me to not take a bath because if the soap goes in, it can hurt you. But I wanted to do so I did, just without soap, all after a shower. I slightly opened my legs and water went in my vagina and that burned.
Getting water inside your vagina can cause slight irritation. It's also possible that your vagina was already irritated for some reason. If you have any concerns, make an appointment with your doctor or gynecologist.
Before using any medication to treat your discharge, see your doctor for a diagnosis. Some vaginal discharge is normal, and using medications to treat it could upset the natural balance of your vagina and cause irritation or infections. If you do have an infection, it's also important to determine what type i. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 7. There's always toilet paper stuck around my vagina, and it smells sour and stinky. How do I get rid of this?
I can't take a shower every time I go to the bathroom. Ask your doctor about using gentle, unscented wipes to clean yourself when you go to the bathroom. You could also gently wipe yourself with a clean, damp washcloth.
Consider switching to a stronger toilet paper if the paper you use tends to easily shred and stick to your body. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 7.
Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.
Tips If you notice any strong or unpleasant odors from your vagina, or if you see signs of infection such as redness, itching, burning, or unusual discharge, make an appointment with your doctor or a gynecologist. Related wikiHows. Article Summary X To wash your vagina, start by cleaning the area around it with unscented soap and water to get rid of any bacteria and yeast.
Did this summary help you? Article Info This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
Co-Authored By:. Co-authors: Updated: October 11, JO Jediael Onyeama Jun 2. Dec 14, Many young ladies can benefit from this article, especially those who are motherless. Also, the article empowered me to consider speaking with the doctor freely. KB Kristal Barrett Sep 24, I was a nurse and know these facts, however a lot of young women don't and are too embarrassed to ask. I think this was very well put and extremely easy to understand. Keep up the good work!
DM Diana Musser Jun 6, I also didn't know it was bad to use antibacterial soap because my mother basically told me it was good to use just about everywhere. TC Tina Costigan Aug 30, Also, since I had estrogen positive breast cancer and cant use my estrogen, uncomfortable dryness can be a problem.
For relief, I use just a dab of pure emu oil, instant relief! JB Jazmyne Bryant Jun 6, The tips on how to properly clean your "girly" area was very helpful and helped me feel confident. Thank you!! A Anonymous Feb 9, I like sleeping with my panties, but now, I understand it is not good. Thanks a lot. AL Anna Lockheart Aug 6, LC Leti Cervantes Jun 6, Many of us never learned how to properly care for our private parts.
I never knew a smelly vagina was normal. Glad to see this, very insightful! RG Rose Garneroux Oct 30, I'm going to see how things go without doing that.
AK Asma Khanum Aug 29, After reading this article, I feel more confident that I can take better care of myself in the right way. MH Mithila Huq Sep 27, I got so much information which I didn't know before. As a girl I should know how to make my vagina cleaner and healthier. Thank you so much. SG Shan Gooden Aug 10, I would recommend this to anyone.
Vaginal yeast infection - Wikipedia
Vaginal yeast infection , also known as candidal vulvovaginitis and vaginal thrush , is excessive growth of yeast in the vagina that results in irritation. Vaginal yeast infections are due to excessive growth of Candida. Despite the lack of evidence, wearing cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing is often recommended as a preventative measure. The symptoms of vaginal thrush include vulval itching, vulval soreness and irritation, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse superficial dyspareunia , pain or discomfort during urination dysuria and vaginal discharge, which is usually odourless.
As well as the above symptoms of thrush, vulvovaginal inflammation can also be present. The signs of vulvovaginal inflammation include erythema redness of the vagina and vulva, vaginal fissuring cracked skin , edema swelling from a build-up of fluid , also in severe cases, satellite lesions sores in the surrounding area. This is rare, but may indicate the presence of another fungal condition, or the herpes simplex virus the virus that causes genital herpes.
Vaginal candidiasis can very rarely cause congenital candidiasis in newborns. Vaginal yeast infections are typically caused by the yeast species Candida albicans.
Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms. These bacteria normally help to limit yeast colonization. The evidence of the effect of oral contraceptives is controversial. In pregnancy, higher levels of estrogen make a woman more likely to develop a yeast infection.
During pregnancy, the Candida fungus is more common, and recurrent infection is also more likely. While infections may occur without sex, a high frequency of intercourse increases the risk. Those with poorly controlled diabetes have increased rates of infection while those with well controlled diabetes do not. While Candida albicans is the most common yeast species associated with vaginal thrush, infection by other types of yeast can produce similar symptoms.
A Hungarian study of patients with confirmed vaginal yeast infections identified the following types of infection: . Non-albicans Candida are often found in complicated cases of vaginal thrush in which the first line of treatment is ineffective. These cases are more likely in those who are immunocompromised.
Vulvovaginal candidosis is the presence of Candida in addition to vaginal inflammation. Uncomplicated thrush is when there are less than four episodes in a year, the symptoms are mild or moderate, it is likely caused by Candida albicans , and there are no significant host factors such as poor immune function. Complicated thrush is four or more episodes of thrush in a year or when severe symptoms of vulvovaginal inflammation are experienced.
It is also complicated if coupled with pregnancy , poorly controlled diabetes, poor immune function , or the thrush is not caused by Candida albicans. There is some support for the theory that RVVC results from an especially intense inflammatory reaction to colonization.
Candida antigens can be presented to antigen presenting cells , which may trigger cytokine production and activate lymphocytes and neutrophils that then cause inflammation and edema. Short-course topical formulations i. The topically applied azole drugs are more effective than nystatin. The creams and suppositories in this regimen are oil-based and might weaken latex condoms and diaphragms.
Treatment for thrush is considered to have failed if the symptoms do not clear within 7—14 days. There are a number of reasons for treatment failure. For example, if the infection is a different kind, such as bacterial vaginosis the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge , rather than thrush. For infrequent recurrences, the simplest and most cost-effective management is self-diagnosis and early initiation of topical therapy. When there are more than four recurrent episodes of candidal vulvovaginitis per year, a longer initial treatment course is recommended, such as orally administered fluconazole followed by a second and third dose 3 and 6 days later, respectively.
Other treatments after more than four episodes per year, may include ten days of either oral or topical treatment followed by fluconazole orally once per week for 6 months. Probiotics either as pills or as yogurt do not appear to decrease the rate of occurrence of vaginal yeast infections. There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention. The number of cases of vaginal yeast infection is not entirely clear because it is not a reportable disease and it is commonly diagnosed clinically without laboratory confirmation.
Candidiasis is one of the three most common vaginal infections along with bacterial vaginosis and trichomonas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Vaginal yeast infection Other names Candidal vulvovaginitis, vaginal thrush Vaginal wet mount showing the pseudohyphae of Candida albicans surrounded by round vaginal skin cells , in a case of candidal vulvovaginitis.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. December 23, Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 5 March Critical Reviews in Microbiology. Archived from the original on Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier.
Journal of Chemotherapy Florence, Italy. Am Fam Physician. Annals of Parasitology. National Institutes of Health. Archived from the original on 4 April Retrieved 14 May Journal of Medical Microbiology. Mayo Clinic. Archived from the original on 16 May Systematic Reviews. Orvosi Hetilap in Hungarian.
Archived from the original on 1 March Retrieved 26 February Am J Obstet Gynecol. Obstet Gynecol. Clin Microbiol Rev. Family Medicine Obstetrics. Elsevier Health Sciences. Clinical Infectious Diseases. American Family Physician. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Can probiotics safely prevent recurrent vaginitis?
The Journal of Family Practice. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. ICD - 10 : B MedlinePlus : Fungal infection and mesomycetozoea B35—B49 , — Hortaea werneckii Tinea nigra Piedraia hortae Black piedra. Malassezia furfur Tinea versicolor Pityrosporum folliculitis Trichosporon White piedra. Primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis Histoplasma capsulatum Histoplasmosis Primary cutaneous histoplasmosis Primary pulmonary histoplasmosis Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis Histoplasma duboisii African histoplasmosis Lacazia loboi Lobomycosis Paracoccidioides brasiliensis Paracoccidioidomycosis.
Blastomyces dermatitidis Blastomycosis North American blastomycosis South American blastomycosis Sporothrix schenckii Sporotrichosis Penicillium marneffei Penicilliosis. Candida albicans Candidiasis Oral Esophageal Vulvovaginal Chronic mucocutaneous Antibiotic candidiasis Candidal intertrigo Candidal onychomycosis Candidal paronychia Candidid Diaper candidiasis Congenital cutaneous candidiasis Perianal candidiasis Systemic candidiasis Erosio interdigitalis blastomycetica C.
Cryptococcus neoformans Cryptococcosis Trichosporon spp Trichosporonosis. Rhizopus oryzae Mucor indicus Lichtheimia corymbifera Syncephalastrum racemosum Apophysomyces variabilis. Rhinosporidium seeberi Rhinosporidiosis. Female diseases of the pelvis and genitals N70—N99 , — Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion.
Female infertility Fallopian tube obstruction Hematosalpinx Hydrosalpinx Salpingitis. Asherman's syndrome Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial polyp Endometriosis Endometritis.
Female infertility Recurrent miscarriage. Cervical dysplasia Cervical incompetence Cervical polyp Cervicitis Female infertility Cervical stenosis Nabothian cyst. Dyspareunia Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual arousal disorder Vaginismus.
Vaginal bleeding Postcoital bleeding. Pelvic congestion syndrome Pelvic inflammatory disease. Bartholin's cyst Kraurosis vulvae Vestibular papillomatosis Vulvitis Vulvodynia.
Persistent genital arousal disorder.